1. 1.      Read orally with your child on a daily basis. Choose a variety of genres to read at the appropriate reading level. Your child’s teachers and the librarian can assist you in finding books on that level.
  2. 2.     Have your child sound out unfamiliar words. If unable to sound out the word, have them read the sentence before, the sentence with the unfamiliar word and the sentence after for clues to the word and its meaning.
  3. 3.     Have your child identify the main characters, the setting, time and place, the problem in the story and the solution to the problem. Writing this information out in the form of a paragraph will also help with writing skills.
  4. 4.     Make predictions about what will happen next in the story or how the story might end. Read and verify predictions. 
  5. 5.     Answer questions about the story and find the sentence(s) in the story that support their answer.
  6. 6.     State the main idea of the paragraph and supporting details.
  7. 7.     Compare and contrast stories or characters by telling how they are alike and different.
  8. 8.     Recall sequence of events in a story.
  9. 9.     Interpret phrases or expressions critical to the meaning of the text.
  10. 10. Retell the story in their own words.
  11. 11. Read and restate multiple directions using their own words.


What if the student doesn’t know a word?

Try these prompts:


Look at the pictures for clues.

Say the beginning sounds of the new words.

Look for little words in big words.

Skip the tricky part, read to the period, and then go back to the new word.

Guess a word that makes sense and looks right.

Ask yourself: Does that make sense? Does it look right? Does it sound right?


What if the student makes a mistake?

1.     If the mistake makes sense, don’t worry about it.

2.     If the mistake doesn’t make sense, wait to see if the reader will fix it.

3.     Say, “Try it again.”

4.     Say, “Did that make sense?”

5.     Say, “Did what you read look right and sound right?”

6.     Tell the correct response.


Other Prompts:

Read it with your finger.

Did it match?

Can you find ________?

Do you know a word like that?

Do you know a word that starts with those letters?

Do you know a word that ends with those letters?

You’re almost right. Try that again.

Put your words together so it sounds like talking.


Phonemic Awareness

Parents and caregivers can play many games to reinforce sound skills with students. The goal in the listening-speaking connection between sounds.



               What is the first sound of ________?



               What sounds is the same in the car, can and cake?



               Which word doesn’t belong?

               Which word rhymes?



               What is chair without the /ch/?



               What word do you have if you add /p/ to late?



               The word is boat. Change the /b/ to /g/. What’s the new word?



               What word is /c/  /a/  /t/?

               Note: Can move to include writing the letters/word



               What sounds do you hear in fan?

               Note: Can move to include writing the letters heard

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